The Equestrian Order of the Holy Sepulchre of Jerusalem is the only lay institution of the Vatican State charged with the task of providing for the needs of the Latin Patriarchate of Jerusalem and of all the activities and initiatives to support the Christian presence in the Holy Land. The contributions made by its members are therefore the Patriarchal institutions' main source of funding.
The Order contributes to the preservation of ecclesiastical bodies, hospitals, dispensaries, laboratories and social centres. It finances 68 parishes, 40 nursery schools and elementary schools, 26 lower secondary and 7 high schools. Its staff consists of 862 teachers, 107 nuns and 18,000 pupils of all religious faiths.